Simple Present Tense

Konu 'İngilizce Ders Notları' bölümünde karamelek tarafından paylaşıldı.

  1. banu nurhan

    banu nurhan Üye

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    sımple presınt konusu altında bir metin var elimde alıştırma olarak...bu alıştırmada ber de diyalog var ve ben çeviri yapamadım...rica etsem çeviri yapabilir misiniz?
    --------
    ın the school playgroundokul bahçesinde geçen bir diyalog)

    Mrs Robinson:Have loy got a photograph of Celine, Katy? What does she look like?
    Katy:I've got a photo, but it's at home. Um, she's my height, with dark hair and brown eyes.
    Sam:Is that Celine? Over there with the blue jacket?
    Katy:No, I don't think so. Oh, look! There she is! Celine!
    Celine:Hi, Katy! ıt's lovely to see you t last. How are you?
    Katy:Fine,thanks.Celine,here are my parents and my brother, Sam.
    Celine:Hello.I7m pleased to meet you.
    Mr Robinson:Welcome to england, Celine. Where's your luggage? The car is down the road.
    Celine:Oh my suitcases are over there. They're heavy, I'm afraid.
    Sam:CEline, here in England we drive on the left.
    eople in the rest of Europe drive on tne right.
    Mr Robinson:Come on,everybody.
    --------
    şimdiden teşekkür ederim
  2. banu nurhan

    banu nurhan Üye

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    a. Use:

    The simple present is used to describe a present situation:
    --> I work in Valencia (I do now and will do for the forseeable future).
    --> The Simons sisters are both very talented; Virginia writes and Vanessa paints.
    --> I am English (and I always will be English).
    The simple present is used to express general truths such as scientific fact, as in the following sentences:

    --> The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
    --> The moon circles the earth once every 28 days.
    --> New technology makes it ea***r to learn English.
    The simple present is used to indicate a habitual action, event, or condition, as in the following sentences:

    --> I don’t wear white shoes (it’s my habit not to).
    --> My grandmother sends me new clothes each spring.
    --> Jesse polishes the menorah on Wednesdays.
    The simple present is also used when writing about works of art, as in the following sentences.

    --> Lolly Willowes is the protagonist of the novel Townsend published in 1926.
    --> The play ends with an epilogue spoken by the fool.

    The simple present can also be used to refer to a future event when used in conjunction with an adverb or adverbial phrase, as in the following sentences.

    --> Classes end next week.
    --> The publisher distributes the galley proofs next Wednesday.
    --> The lunar eclipses begins in exactly 43 minutes.
    2. Spelling rules for adding s in the third person singular

    Some verbs change their spelling when s is added in the third person singular.

    a. Verbs ending in y
    The English letters a, e, i, o and u are generally referred to as vowels. The other English letters are generally referred to as consonants.

    When a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to ie before the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the consonant immediately preceding the final y is underlined.

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    study studies
    fly flies
    carry carries

    However, when a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed before the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the vowel immediately preceding the final y is underlined.

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    say says
    enjoy enjoys
    buy buys

    b. Verbs ending in o
    When a verb ends in o, the letter e is added before the s ending. For example:

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    do does
    echo echoes
    go goes

    c. Verbs ending in ch, s, sh, x or z
    When a verb ends in a sibilant sound such as ch, s, sh, x or z, the letter e is added before the s ending. For example:

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    pass passes
    push pushes
    watch watches
    fix fixes
    buzz buzzes


    3. Pronunciation of the es ending

    A syllable is a unit of pronunciation, usually consisting of a vowel sound which may or may not be accompanied by consonants.

    When a verb ends in a sibilant sound such as ch, s, sh, x or z, the es ending of the third person singular is pronounced as a separate syllable. The reason for this is that these sounds are so similar to the sound of the es ending, that the ending must be pronounced as a separate syllable in order to be heard clearly.

    In each of the following examples the bare infinitive consists of one syllable, whereas the form of the verb used in the third person singular consists of two syllables.

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    pass passes
    push pushes
    catch catches
    mix mixes

    Similarly, when s is added to verbs ending in ce, ge, se or ze, the final es is usually pronounced as a separate syllable. In each of the following examples the bare infinitive consists of one syllable, whereas the form of the verb used in the third person singular consists
    of two syllables.

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    race races
    rage rages
    praise praises
    doze dozes

    However, when s is added to a verb ending in e preceded by a letter
    other than c, g, s or z, the final es is not pronounced as a separate syllable. In each of the following examples, both the bare infinitive and the form of the verb used in the third person singular consist of one syllable.

    Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular
    make makes
    smile smiles
    dine dines
    save saves


    4. The auxiliary Do

    With the exception of the verb to be, verbs in modern English use the auxiliary do to form questions and negative statements in the Simple Present.
    The Simple Present of the verb to do is conjugated as follows:


    I do
    you do
    he does
    she does
    it does
    we do
    they do


    Auxiliaries are verbs which are combined with other verbs to form various tenses. It should be noted that when an auxiliary is combined with another verb, it is the auxiliary which must agree with the subject, while the form of the other verb remains invariable.

    When the auxiliary do is combined with another verb, the other verb always has the form of the bare infinitive.

    a. Questions
    In order to form a question in the Simple Present of any verb other than the verb to be, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is added before the subject, and the bare infinitive of the verb is placed after the subject. For example:

    Affirmative Statement Question
    I work. Do I work?
    You work. Do you work?
    He works. Does he work?
    She works. Does she work?
    It works. Does it work?
    We work. Do we work?
    They work. Do they work?

    b. Negative statements
    In order to form a negative statement, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do followed by the word not is placed before the bare
    infinitive of the verb. For example:

    Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
    I work. I do not work.
    You work. You do not work.
    He works. He does not work.
    She works. She does not work.
    It works. It does not work.
    We work. We do not work.
    They work. They do not work.

    In spoken English, the following contractions are often used:

    Without contractions With contractions
    do not don't
    does not doesn't

    c. Negative questions
    To form a negative question, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is placed before the subject, and the word not followed by the bare infinitive is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the Simple Present of the auxiliary do. For example:

    Without contractions With contractions
    Do I not work? Don't I work?
    Do you not work? Don't you work?
    Does he not work? Doesn't he work?
    Does she not work? Doesn't she work?
    Does it not work? Doesn't it work?
    Do we not work? Don't we work?
    Do they not work? Don't they work?
  3. Okeanus

    Okeanus Forumdan Uzaklaştırıldı

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    Üye Olmadan Linkleri Göremezsiniz. Üye Olmak için TIKLAYIN...

    sımple presınt konusu altında bir metin var elimde alıştırma olarak...bu alıştırmada ber de diyalog var ve ben çeviri yapamadım...rica etsem çeviri yapabilir misiniz?
    --------
    ın the school playgroundokul bahçesinde geçen bir diyalog)

    Mrs Robinson:Have loy got a photograph of Celine, Katy? What does she look like?
    Katy:I've got a photo, but it's at home. Um, she's my height, with dark hair and brown eyes.
    Sam:Is that Celine? Over there with the blue jacket?
    Katy:No, I don't think so. Oh, look! There she is! Celine!
    Celine:Hi, Katy! ıt's lovely to see you t last. How are you?
    Katy:Fine,thanks.Celine,here are my parents and my brother, Sam.
    Celine:Hello.I7m pleased to meet you.
    Mr Robinson:Welcome to england, Celine. Where's your luggage? The car is down the road.
    Celine:Oh my suitcases are over there. They're heavy, I'm afraid.
    Sam:CEline, here in England we drive on the left.
    eople in the rest of Europe drive on tne right.
    Mr Robinson:Come on,everybody.
    --------
    şimdiden teşekkür ederim
    Genişletmek için tıkla...
    Mrs Robinson: Katy, Celine ait bir fotoğrafın var mı? O neye benzer?
    Katy: Evet bende var fakat evde. O benim uzunluğumda, koyu saçlı ve kahverengi gözlü.
    Sam:O Celine midir? Orada mavi ceketli olan?
    Katy: Hayır ben öyle düşünmüyorum. Bak! işte orada! Celine!
    Celine:Merhaba Katy! Seni görmek ne kadar güzel. Nasılsın?
    Katy:Teşekkürler, iyiyim .Celine,benim ailem ve erkek kardeşim burada, Sam.
    Celine:Merhaba. Tanıştığıma memnun oldum.
    Mr Robinson:İngiltereye hoşgeldin, Celine. Bavulun nerede? Araba yolun aşağısında.
    Celine:Oh bavullarım orada.. Korkarım ki onlar ağır.
    Sam:CEline, soldan süreriz İngilterede.Avrupa'nın geri kalanı sağdan sürer.
    Mr Robinson: Haydi, herkes gelsin.

    Umarım hata yoktur :)
    Lütfen sorularınız için ayrı konu açın :)
  • trkn

    trkn Üye

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    Öğretmen ingilizce proje ödevi verdi simple present tense ile ilgili şarkı yazmak lütfen acill... cevap yazar mısınız ?
  • trkn

    trkn Üye

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    Simple present tense ile ilgili 7.sınıfa uygun bir şarkı yazmam gerekiyor yardım eder misiniz ? Ingilizce proje ödevi olarak .
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